The Ministry of Mines and Energy and the National Hydrocarbons Agency consolidates in 2016 the Territorial Strategy of the Hydrocarbons sector, a commitment to the development of instances of democratic dialogue in the country’s hydrocarbon municipalities, generating trust and managing action plans for the actors of the territory who agree on actions and / or commitments that are attainable, measurable and verifiable.
The territorial strategy arose from the interest not only of articulating the actors of the sector, but also in order to generate and promote capacities in communities, companies, departmental and municipal governments, transforming conflictive relationships so that visions can be built around to the dialogue and sustainable human development of all the territories of the country.
During its first phase of execution between 2013 and 2015, the Territorial Hydrocarbons Strategy managed to establish the social parameters that address the main socio-economic phenomena of the country and four programs for knowledge management were proposed that brought great benefits to the country during the first stage: Advances calling for dialogue between municipal governments, communities and industry; Leader who accompanies the industry in its relationship with the territory and trains all participants in the dialogue to conclude proposals on equal terms; It coexists that resolves conflicts and provides mechanisms for managing differences; and Demonstrative Actions that correspond to those social investments focused on priority initiatives for the actors in the territory.
“We have shown that the hydrocarbons sector is capable of generating development in the regions, and the necessary resources for the social programs that the country needs. Only in 2015 we managed to contribute around $ 10 billion between taxes and royalties. In addition, this year we have delivered production incentives to municipalities in Arauca, Casanare, Meta, Putumayo, Norte de Santander, La Guajira, Huila and Tolima among others that finance social, economic and environmental projects in these regions, “said Minister of Mines and Energy German Arce Zapata .
The first phase of ETH in the country showed positive results; An example of this are the results with the Avanza program where industry, communities and governments managed to conclude 15 action plans in the municipalities of Acacias, Castilla la Nueva, Puerto Nare, Puerto Boyacá, Riohacha, Uribía, Tauramena, Paz de Ariporo, Puerto Asís, Mocoa, Vlllagarzon, Toledo, Aipe, Melgar and San Pedro.
On the other hand, through the Convive program, with the leadership of the Ministry of Interior, 116 early alerts were identified in 2015, of which only 24 escalated to a de facto path.
At least 7,600 people among social leaders, contractors and governments benefited from the Lidera program that provided them with knowledge in good practices, regulation and planning of the sector, as well as training in governance and public management.
Among the great achievements of this first phase of execution, the implementation of the SIGETH (Geographic Information System for the Hydrocarbons Territorial Strategy) is a tool that facilitates the information of events in the territories for the different key actors and reduces the reaction times of the ETH team. This tool gives the national government the possibility to have the first-hand information to make timely decisions.
The National Hydrocarbons Agency has already started its Phase this year by betting on a stronger rapprochement with the regions and the new rulers of the territories, in order to give grounded solutions to the reality of the regions. To achieve this goal, the ETH has strengthened the teams with the signing of agreements between strategic entities of the national order, including the United Nations program UNDP, the Ministry of Mines and Energy, Ministry of the Interior, The Special Administrative Unit of the Public Employment Service and the Ministry of Labor.
The guiding principle for this new phase of implementation is institutionalization, which aims to develop capacities of both the ETH partner entities and the actors with which it interacts. This approach will guide ETH actions from a territorial perspective, where it is the territory that assumes the leadership of the sustainable and equitable management of the sector. Likewise, the management by results, will define a single framework of action for the partner entities of the ETH where the clear responsibilities of each one for the achievement of the commitments and planned activities are established.
The second phase of the Strategy will be carried out mainly in: the Caribbean region (La Guajira, Córdoba and Sucre), Norte de Santander, Arauca, Casanare, Meta, Magdalena Medio, Putumayo, Huila, Tolima and Caquetá, attending equally to the Different regions of the country.