The energy consumed by Colombians is located at 20.3% as a product of thermal generation (13,012.8 GWh) and 78.4% of hydraulic generation, which indicates that the use of thermal plants has been moderate and has maintained its operation thanks to the contributions of the Reliability Charge
The National Association of Generating Companies, (ANDEG), invited the media to a Christmas lunch, to summarize the behavior of this sector; and our magazine Colombia Energía was present as a reference in the energy field of Colombia.
In the meeting, representatives of this Association highlighted that this year was decisive to reduce the uncertainty created from the eventuality of the delay in the entry into operation of Hidroituanguo, thanks to the National Government at the head of the Ministry of Mines and Energy and the Energy and Gas Regulation Commission – CREG.
Through a press release, ANDEG said that “the expansion of the generation required to cover the attention of demand in the medium term with the Reliability Charge auction held in February, in which new projects and expansion of existing plants for 2,800 MW, of which 1,200 MW were thermal, 1,400 from renewable sources and 200 from water sources ”.
The statement states that “for the month of October the entry of non-conventional renewable energy sources was made viable through the auction of long-term contracts that the Ministry of Mines and Energy carried out, with which, as of 2022 the entrance of 852 MW, 85.1% wind and 14.9% solar is foreseen, with which, the country ensures the entry of 2,250 MW in renewable sources, as indicated by the National Government ”.
After finishing lunch, Alejandro Castañeda, executive president of ANDEG, offered a kind statement to our magazine Colombia Energy. Castañeda defined that “the Charge for Reliability is a regulatory scheme that, despite having had to face a large number of difficulties simultaneously, has been successful, so it is very important to work on its consolidation as an expansion and support scheme for system, especially in the current market environment with insertion of non-conventional renewable sources, where it is essential as an asset of the electricity system in the context of the Capacity Market ”.
Additionally, the Association highlighted that the current market conditions allow thermal plants to operate efficiently and that their operation has been maintained thanks to the contributions of the Reliability Charge, which is supported by the fact that, of the energy consumed by Colombians, 20 , 3% has been the product of thermal generation (13,012.8 GWh) and 78.4% of hydraulic generation. Thus, compared to the state of the water contributions to the reservoirs and the current level of the reserves (70.3%), thermal generation requirements of around 60 GWh-day for summer 2019-2020 are observed, 35% due to above the average thermal generation from September to November 2019.
Therefore, the importance of natural gas for the supply of thermal plants is highlighted, which, as of the year 2019, has had an average consumption of this fuel close to 161.9 GBTUD, which is equivalent to 18% of the national demand, which also highlights the role of Imported Natural Gas. Faced with this issue, ANDEG emphasized the importance of ensuring the supply of natural gas for all national demand in the future, given the deficit that occurs in the year 2024 from the scenarios of the Energy Mining Planning Unit UPME.
On the other hand, between January and November, the figures indicate that the average consumption of coal for thermal plants that use this energy, has been around 286,620.34 tons / month, which contributes to regional finances through of transfers and contributions, as well as the generation of employment, especially in the departments of Boyacá, Santander, Norte de Santander, Córdoba, among others.
Currently, the National Government is advancing in the development of the proposals towards the Energy Transformation Mission, whose results will be incorporated in the roadmap of our sector for the coming years, which we understand will begin its implementation from 2020.
“For ANDEG, it is of great importance to carry out a broad discussion about the proposals derived from the Mission, in the context of the sectoral institutionality, which includes not only the government but also the Regulator, the agents of the sector business, and the community in general, ”said Castañeda.
In that sense, it is essential that by 2020 the regulator advances in the agenda set in the context of the modernization of the energy market, in such a way as to ensure the insertion of new business models, such as electric mobility and The distributed generation.
“The development of a complete market is required, characterized by a spot market that assesses the restrictions of the transmission system to ensure timely investment in assets of generation and localized transmission and auxiliary services that ensure the flexibility required for the management of the system in an environment of integration of non-conventional renewable energy ”, concluded Alejandro Castañeda.